In order to understand the kinds and types of golf courses, let’s define what this architectural structure represents. Yes, yes, you heard right – the modern golf courses are a masterpiece of a landscape design. The world simply does not have two identical golf courses. A crowning achievement for golf course architects is to create a field that is as if created by nature itself.

field-mapArea golf courses can range from one to hundreds of hectares. All golf courses are covered with grass, which in various areas has various height to make it difficult to pass through a particular site. That’s why there are various water hazards, sand bunkers, trees and shrubs on golf courses.

ВDepending on a type of a golf course, it can have either nine or eighteen holes which are arranged in a strict order and at specific sites and have a sequence number. Typically, holes are placed on the same line with a starting point. However, there are holes which can significantly bow in one direction or another – they are called “dogleg” (from the English phrase Dog Leg – a dog’s paw).

A starting point, where the player begins the game is called a “tee” (a full name “teeing ground”). “Green” (putting green), by contrast, is the ultimate goal of a golfer – ground with the shortest grass where the hole is located directly. Often green is surrounded by “collar” – it is grass which surrounds the green. It is trimmed shorter than a fairway, but higher than the green.


«Грин» (putting green)

“Fairway” stretches between the starting point and the green – a smooth course with short flat grass. In addition to water and sand hazards on a golf course, you can meet “rough” – tall grass, which, in practice, is not trimmed. It is very difficult to strike the ball out of the trap.

Talking about the types of golf courses, they are classified by three categories:

  • links
  • parkland
  • hitland


Links are the eldest and most traditional types of golf courses. Examples of these ancient courses remained until nowadays – the majority of them are located in Scotland, England, and Ireland.

Links golf courses are located near sea, very often among dunes. These courses almost do not have trees and have few water hazards. They have a wavy landscape and great length. Grass cover of links is hard and scant, that is why a ball on such course has a good snap back.

However, there are more difficulties for a player on a links golf course. Fairways on links are uneven, bunkers are small and deep (at the same time, they cannot be easily seen). Roughs have thin and high grass, what makes the play more difficult. Moreover, coastal wind, which is inevitable on links, can mix the cards of even a professional player.

Park courses – courses more typical to our latitude. They are located far from sea and remind a big lawn with many trees.

The name “desert courses” speaks for itself. Such golf courses are located in open air with sand ground with shrubs. These courses have less trees than park courses.

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