Iron – A club, which has a flat clubface. A complete set of irons includes clubs with numbers from the second to the ninth, as well as pitching wedge, sand wedge, and lob wedge.
Albatross – A score of three under par on a hole.
Birdie – A score of one under par on a hole.
Bogey – A score of one over par on a hole.
Break – The amount a putt will curve to the side because of the slope that affect the movement of a ball.
Bunker, sandtrap – A hollow comprised of sand or grass or both that exists as an obstacle and, in some cases, a hazard.
Bag – a bag for clubs. It has several sections for various clubs and patch pockets.
Collar – The edge around a green cut shorter than fairway but higher than green.
Wood – a club with a big clubface. The bigger a number of a club, the shorter a handle and the bigger is the inclination rate of a striking surface.
Handicap – level of preparation of a player. In addition, it is a difference between a number of strokes made by a golf player to pass a hole or a course and qualifying standard (par) of the hole or a course.
Greenkeeper – specialist, club staff member who serves a course and takes care of it.
Grip – leather or rubber part of the golf club where the hands are placed.
Draw – A shot that flies slightly from right to left for right-handed players.
Eagle – A score of two-under-par on a hole.
Caddy – A person hired to carry clubs and provide other assistance, including advice.
Hole – 1) is a “glass” itself which is dug into ground and has a small stand for a flag. 2) A part of a course, which includes a tee, fairway in-green.
Marker – 1) A circle which marks position of a ball on green. 2) A person responsible for recording the score of a player.
Marshal – an official representative on a course who controls the speed of a game and compliance of etiquette by the players.
Matchplay – Form of competition where each hole is won, lost or halved. The winner is whoever won the most holes.
Par –1) A conventional normative which is used to score results and evaluate a level of players. 2) A number of shots a player should take for a hole or round.
Putt – An act of hitting golf ball on the green.
Pitchingwedge – A club in a set following iron number 9.
Hazard – Permanent features on the golf course designed to obstruct play (sand bunker, water hazard).
Pull – When the ball flies in an inward direction after being stuck (for a player with a right-side stand).
Push – When the ball flies in an outward direction after being stuck (for a player with a left-side stand).
Rough – High grass area adjacent to the fairway and green.
Swing – An action of hitting a ball with all the “long” clubs.
Slice – A ball that curves from left to right to a greater degree than a fade (for a player with a right-side stand).
Sandwedge – An iron club in a set after pitching wedge. An iron club designed to strike balls out of sand hazards.
Tee –1) An area where golfers play first stroke of any given hole. 2) A small peg stuck into the ground on which a golf ball is placed.
Fade – A shot that flies slightly from left to right (for a player with a right-side stand).
Fairway – A playing area between the tee and the green, does not include hazards.
Fore– To cry “Fore” is to warn other players that your ball may hit them.
Hole-in-one – A ball goes straight into a hole from your tee shot.
Hook – To induce topspin onto a ball causing it to move from outside to in on your swing (for a player with a right-side stand).
Shaft – A metal or carbon fibre bar of a club.
Shank – When the ball strikes the hosel of a club, usually sending it to the right.
Chip – Hitting the ball into the air with enough flight to land on the green and roll across the green towards a hole.