Equipment of a golfer includes the following: clubs, balls, bags and pullcarts, clothes and shoes. Standards of sports equipment of a golfer apply only for clubs and balls, as they are direct participants of a game.
There are 29 types of golf clubs. However, according to the rules of golf, a player is allowed to use a maximum of 14 clubs. Clubs vary in weight, length, as well as angle at which the stroke is made. Each club is designed for a certain type of stroke.
For convenience, all kinds of clubs are divided into several groups. The first group of clubs is called Wood. Clubs of this type are used in a first stroke, when you need to send a ball to the maximum distance. As you may have guessed from the name, a clubface is made of wood. However, to date, for production of this type of clubs light-alloy metals, such as titanium, are used.
Iron clubs are designed for further strokes, which should provide flight of a ball at various distances. Clubface has a flattened shape and, of course, is made of metal. Typically, a set of such clubs includes seven pieces – from the second to the ninth. Selection of an iron club for a further stroke will depend on position of a ball relative to a hole.
The next group of clubs – wedges. They are designed for strokes with a maximum accuracy, high trajectory of a ball from a small distance. Variations of this type of club are pitching wedge and sand wedge. The latter is used to strike a ball out of a sand bunker. It has a special shape and a weighted sole, which allows this club to “pass” through sand during a stroke.
To perform the final stroke golfers use a putter club. This club is designed for a final stroke with a maximum efficiency on smoothly mown lawn directly in front of a hole.
Golf balls are also not as simple as they might seem at first glance. It should weigh not more than 45.93 grams and have a diameter of not less than 42.67 mm.
A golf ball has an average of 300 to 500 small hollows. These hollows reduce air resistance and provide a longer stroke distance. The initial speed of the ball at stroke can reach 200 km/h.
Golf balls differ in internal structure – they have one, two, three and four layers. One-layer balls are used for beginners during trainings – they weigh much less, but do not fly so far. Professionals use four-layer balls – these balls can be twisted enabling a various flight path.
Bags and pullcarts are used for convenience and comfort when transporting clubs. Bags for clubs are quite roomy and have many auxiliary pockets. Not to wear a bag on a shoulder, you should buy a pullcart. They come with two, three and four wheels, it all depends on whether you want to pull a cart or carry it in front of you.